Location and Contact Information
Welcome to the Lugo Lab! In this lab, we have a passion for understanding how early life shapes neurodevelopment. We are particularly interested in two things: (1) perinatal factors that increase children’s risk for ADHD, and (2) early life factors that protect children from ADHD. Our research aims to understand the risk-protective factors that confer resilience to perinatal risk and allow young children and families to thrive, despite facing significant adversity.
We use a number of techniques to answer our research questions, the most common being developmental neuroimaging. We image (via Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or MRI) children’s brains as they grow up, starting in utero and all the way though middle childhood. A lot of our studies image children’s brains when they are babies. We hope that by looking at the brain so early in life, we get to see how prenatal exposures and experiences shape that brain, independently from the influence of the postnatal world. Because we care about the development of early risk and resilience, our studies are longitudinal, and most of them follow pregnant people and their children early in life. We are also use several other measures, including biomarkers, clinical interviews, and behavioral assessments.
Central to the lab is the idea that the families and communities hold the key to their well-being, and that understanding their sources of resilience and strength is critical to shaping public policy to help families thrive. We are strongly committed to understanding risk and resilience in racial and ethnic minoritized communities.
In this lab, we believe that science is best served when all voices are included. We strongly believe that diversity, equity, and inclusion are indispensable to the development of sound science and public health. We are committed to mentoring and training, and hold ourselves to be strong advocates for increasing access to higher education and increasing the representation of minoritized and intentionally excluded communities within the STEM fields.
Alice Smaniotto Aizza, BA
- Research Coordinator
Alice Aizza graduated from The University of Texas at Austin in 2021 with a BA in Psychology and Sociology. While in undergrad, she was a volunteer RA research assistant at Dr. Jessica A. Church’s Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Lab. She worked on projects looking at bilingual children with reading difficulties, cognitive development of youth with and without control disorders, and summer learning interruption among fourth and seventh graders. Alice is fascinated by brain development and joined the Lugo Lab in January of 2022 to work on the pollution and cannabis studies. She is also fascinated by typical and atypical brain development and environmental influences. She hopes to go to graduate school in the future.
Jaimie Lee, BA
- Research Assistant
Jaimie Lee is currently a research assistant at the Lugo Lab. She holds a BA in Psychology and in Human Health from Emory University. Prior to joining the Lugo Lab, she was a research aide at the Center for Maternal Substance Abuse and Child Development (MSACD). She was involved in the data collection and entry for multiple projects, primarily the Adult Health Study, which examines the long-term effects of maternal substance use and abuse on the fetus’ neurobehavioral and health outcomes. Jaimie’s research interests lie in how the prenatal environment impacts one’s mental and physical health and how these effects can last throughout the lifespan and across generations. She seeks to bring attention to ethnic and racial minorities, who are often underrepresented in research and science. In addition to her research position, Jaimie volunteers as a Crisis Counselor at Crisis Text Line to bring people in distress to a calmer state and offer emotional support in the conversation through coping skills and resources. She has applied to Clinical Psychology programs for Fall 2023 to become a clinical psychologist involved in both research and clinical work.
AJ Crandall, BA
- Research Assistant
AJ (Abigail) Crandall is a 2022 graduate of the New York University College of Arts and Science, with a BA in Psychology with a minor in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies. During undergrad, she volunteered at the Conceptual Development and Social Cognition Lab (CDSC) at NYU. While there, she worked primarily on studies investigating young children’s emerging racial and gender biases and the factors that influence their development. Some of AJ’s research interests include sleep as well as environmental impacts on children’s neurodevelopment. In addition, she aspires to attend graduate school in the future.
- Research Volunteer
Bina Aaronson is a volunteer at the Lugo Lab. She is currently a senior at Barnard College, where she will receive a BA in Cognitive Science in May 2023. She is also conducting research at Barnard's Toddler Center about the experiences of parents with young children during the COVID-19 pandemic. She is interested in how environmental factors have an impact on psychopathologies and overall mental health, as well as identifying methods to improve access to mental health care.
- Research Volunteer
Lin Garih (she/her) is a research volunteer, who is originally from Istanbul, Turkey. She is a senior at NYU, majoring in Psychology and minoring in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies. Prior to joining the lab, she interned for a clinical training program at a Psychiatric Hospital in Istanbul where she broadened her understanding about mental health issues that occur across different ages. In the future she hopes to become a licensed therapist. She is passionate about adolescent mental health as well as learning about the development of anxiety disorders. She also has an interest in non-western treatment alternatives for mental health issues and believes that having a culturally sensitive approach to mental health is key for progress in the field.
Nathalie De Leon
- Research Volunteer
Nathalie De Leon is a senior at City College of New York, where she is pursuing a BA in Psychology. She has volunteered as a child care provider at Gallop NYC, leading visual arts activities for toddlers. She has also interned at Chhaya CDC, where she worked with low-income immigrants to ensure proper access to immigration, tax, and home ownership programs. Both of these experiences contributed to her interest in child development and counseling, which she plans to pursue in graduate school.
Meinhofer A, Hinde JM, Keyes KM, Lugo-Candelas C. Association of Comorbid Behavioral and Medical Conditions With Cannabis Use Disorder in Pregnancy. JAMA Psychiatry. 2022 Jan 1;79(1):50-58. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.3193. PubMed PMID: 34730782; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8567186.
Lugo-Candelas C, Polanco-Roman L, Duarte CS. Intergenerational Effects of Racism: Can Psychiatry and Psychology Make a Difference for Future Generations?. JAMA Psychiatry. 2021 Oct 1;78(10):1065-1066. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.1852. PubMed PMID: 34319368; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8802140.
Brown HR, Hareli M, Breaux R, Lugo-Candelas CI, Gair SL, Harvey EA, McDermott JM. Behavioral and Neural Markers of Emotion Competence as Predictors of Later Psychopathology in Children With and Without Hyperactive/Impulsive Symptoms. J Atten Disord. 2021 Aug;25(10):1395-1406. doi: 10.1177/1087054720903366. Epub 2020 Feb 21. PubMed PMID: 32081059.
Lugo-Candelas C, Corbeil T, Wall M, Posner J, Bird H, Canino G, Fisher PW, Suglia SF, Duarte CS. ADHD and risk for subsequent adverse childhood experiences: understanding the cycle of adversity. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2021 Aug;62(8):971-978. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.13352. Epub 2020 Dec 2. PubMed PMID: 33289088; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8169708.
Baker BH, Lugo-Candelas C, Wu H, Laue HE, Boivin A, Gillet V, Aw N, Rahman T, Lepage JF, Whittingstall K, Bellenger JP, Posner J, Takser L, Baccarelli AA. Association of Prenatal Acetaminophen Exposure Measured in Meconium With Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Mediated by Frontoparietal Network Brain Connectivity. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Nov 1;174(11):1073-1081. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3080. PubMed PMID: 32986124; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7522774.
Lugo-Candelas C, Pang Y, Lee S, Cha J, Hong S, Ranzenhofer L, Korn R, Davis H, McInerny H, Schebendach J, Chung WK, Leibel RL, Walsh BT, Posner J, Rosenbaum M, Mayer L. Differences in brain structure and function in children with the FTO obesity-risk allele. Obes Sci Pract. 2020 Aug;6(4):409-424. doi: 10.1002/osp4.417. eCollection 2020 Aug. PubMed PMID: 32874676; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7448161.
Bush NR, Wakschlag LS, LeWinn KZ, Hertz-Picciotto I, Nozadi SS, Pieper S, Lewis J, Biezonski D, Blair C, Deardorff J, Neiderhiser JM, Leve LD, Elliott AJ, Duarte CS, Lugo-Candelas C, O'Shea TM, Avalos LA, Page GP, Posner J. Family Environment, Neurodevelopmental Risk, and the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Initiative: Looking Back and Moving Forward. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:547. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00547. eCollection 2020. Review. PubMed PMID: 32636769; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7318113.